Archive for category Dictionary

New Words For 2009

Each year new words are added to the English dictionary or new hip meanings for existing words. Here is the list of new 2009 words for the learned and intellectual type.

N E W    W O R D S

Every year the New Oxford American Dictionary comes up with a word of the year among the new words that are added to the dictionary. This year For 2009, it’s “unfriend,” says the Oxford University Press. Unfriend – verb – To remove someone as a ‘friend’ on a social networking site such as Facebook. As in, ‘I decided to unfriend my roommate on Facebook after we had a fight’.

Technology Words

hashtag – a # [hash] sign added to a word or phrase that enables Twitter users to search for tweets (postings on the Twitter site) that contain similarly tagged items and view thematic sets

intexticated – distracted because texting on a cellphone while driving a vehicle

netbook – a small, very portable laptop computer with limited memory

paywall – a way of blocking access to a part of a website which is only available to paying subscribers

sexting – the sending of sexually explicit texts and pictures by cellphone

Economy Words

freemium – a business model in which some basic services are provided for free, with the aim of enticing users to pay for additional, premium features or content

funemployed – taking advantage of one’s newly unemployed status to have fun or pursue other interests

zombie bank – a financial institution whose liabilities are greater than its assets, but which continues to operate because of government support

Politics and Current Affairs Words

Ardi – (Ardipithecus ramidus) oldest known hominid, discovered in Ethiopia during the 1990s and announced to the public in 2009

birther – a conspiracy theorist who challenges President Obama’s birth certificate

choice mom – a person who chooses to be a single mother

death panel – a theoretical body that determines which patients deserve to live, when care is rationed

teabagger -a person, who protests President Obama’s tax policies and stimulus package, often through local demonstrations known as “Tea Party” protests (in allusion to the Boston Tea Party of 1773)

Environment Words

brown state – a US state that does not have strict environmental regulations

green state – a US state that has strict environmental regulations

ecotown – a town built and run on eco-friendly principles

Novelty Words

deleb – a dead celebrity

tramp stamp – a tattoo on the lower back, usually on a woman

Below are some of the new words to enter our most recently published dictionary of current English: the Concise Oxford English Dictionary (Revised Eleventh Edition).

abdominoplasty
n. Medicine a surgical operation involving the removal of excess flesh from the abdomen.

aerobicized or aerobicised
adj. (of a person’s body) toned by aerobic exercise: aerobicized Hollywood women.

agroterrorism
n. terrorist acts intended to disrupt or damage a country’s agriculture.
– derivatives
agroterrorist n.

bahookie
n. Scottish a person’s buttocks.
– origin 1930s: prob. a blend of behind and hough + -ie.

best
– phrases
best of breed
· any item or product considered to be the best of its kind.

blowback
n.
2. chiefly US the unintended adverse results of a political action or situation.

celebutante
n. a celebrity who is well known in fashionable society.
– origin 1930s: blend of celebrity and debutante.

crunk
n. a type of hip-hop or rap music characterized by repeated shouted catchphrases and elements typical of electronic dance music, such as prominent bass.
adj. US, chiefly black slang (of a person) very excited or full of energy.
– origin 1990s: perh. an alt. past part. of crank1 or a blend of crazy and drunk.

elephant
– phrases
the elephant in the room a major problem or controversial issue which is obviously present but avoided as a subject for discussion because it is more comfortable to do so.

emulsion
n.
1.
· a fine dispersion of one liquid or puréed food substance in another: ravioli with pea and ginger emulsion.

hardscape
n. chiefly US the man-made features used in landscape architecture, e.g. paths or walls, as contrasted with vegetation.
– derivatives
hardscaping n.

hoody (also hoodie)
n.
· informal a person, especially a youth, wearing a hooded top.
– origin 1960s: of unknown origin.

mentee
n. a person who is advised, trained, or counselled by a mentor.

mesotherapy
n. (in cosmetic surgery) a procedure in which multiple tiny injections of pharmaceuticals, vitamins, etc. are delivered into the mesodermal layer of tissue under the skin, to promote the loss of fat or cellulite.

mzee
n. (in East Africa) an older person; an elder.
– origin Kiswahili, ‘ancestor, parent, old person’.

obesogenic
adj. tending to cause obesity.

plank
n.
3. Brit. informal a stupid person.

ponzu
n. (in Japanese cookery) a sauce or dip made with soy sauce and citrus juice.
– origin Japanese, from pon ‘smack, pop’ + zu, from su ‘vinegar’.

radge Scottish informal
n. a wild, crazy, or violent person.
adj. wild, crazy, or violent.
– origin 1920s: appar. an alt. of rage.

rendition
n.
3. (also extraordinary rendition) (especially in the US) the practice of sending a foreign criminal or terrorist suspect covertly to be interrogated in a country with less rigorous regulations for the humane treatment of prisoners.

retronym
n. a new term created from an existing word in order to distinguish the original referent of the existing word from a later one that is the product of progress or technological development (e.g. acoustic guitar for guitar).
– origin 1980s: blend of retro- and -onym.

riffage
n. informal guitar riffs, especially in rock music.

shoulder-surfing
n. the practice of spying on the user of a cash-dispensing machine or other electronic device in order to obtain their personal identification number, password, etc.
– derivatives
shoulder-surfer n.

SIPP
n. (in the UK) a self-invested personal pension, a pension plan that enables the holder to choose and manage the investments made.

therapize or therapise
v. subject to psychological therapy: you don’t need to therapize or fix each other.

tri-band
adj. (of a mobile phone) having three frequencies, enabling it to be used in different regions (typically Europe and the US).

twonk
n. Brit. informal a stupid or foolish person.
– origin 1980s: perh. a blend of twit1 or twat and plonker.

upskill
v. [often as noun upskilling] teach (an employee) additional skills.
· (of an employee) learn additional skills.

wedge issue
n. US a very divisive political issue, regarded as a basis for drawing voters away from an opposing party whose supporters have diverging opinions on it.

Yogalates (also trademark Yogilates)
n. a fitness routine that combines Pilates exercises with the postures and breathing techniques of yoga.
– origin 1990s: blend of yoga and Pilates.

zombie
n.
3. a computer controlled by a hacker without the owner’s knowledge, which is made to send large quantities of data to a website, making it inaccessible to other users.

Go forth and speak…

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